Gynecological Malignancies

Gynecological Malignancies

If your doctor says that you have gynecologic cancer, ask to be referred to a gynecologic oncologist a doctor who has been trained to treat cancers of a woman’s reproductive system. This doctor will work with you to create a treatment plan.

Types of Treatment

Gynecologic cancers are treated in several ways. It depends on the kind of cancer and how far it has spread. Treatments include surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation. Women with gynecologic cancer often get more than one kind of treatment.

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  • Surgery: Doctors remove cancer tissue in an operation.
  • Chemotherapy: Using special medicines to shrink or kill cancer. The drugs can be pills you take or medicines given in your veins, or sometimes both.
  • Radiation: Using high-energy rays (similar to X-rays) to kill cancer.

Different treatments may be provided by different doctors on your medical team.

  • Gynecologic oncologists are doctors who are trained to treat cancers of a woman’s reproductive system.
  • Surgeons are doctors who perform operations.
  • Medical oncologists are doctors who treat cancer with medicine.
  • Radiation oncologists are doctors who treat cancer with radiation.

Types of Gynecological Cancer

Gynecological cancers are those that develop in a woman’s reproductive tract. Cervical cancer is only one type of gynecological cancer. Other types include:

  • Ovarian cancer
  • Uterine cancer
  • Vaginal cancer
  • Vulvar cancer

There are different risk factors for each of these cancers, including, in some cases, heredity. But many women who develop cancer without being considered high risk. It’s important for women to be aware of the types of gynecological cancer, symptoms and potential warning signs to watch out for, and screening and prevention strategies.