Urological Malignancies

Urological Malignancies

Urologic cancers include cancers of the bladder, kidney, prostate and testicles, all relatively common. Prostate cancer, for example, is the most common cancer in American men. One out of every 10 men will develop the disease at some time in his life — most often after age 50.

Bladder cancer is the fourth most common cancer among men and the ninth most common among women in the United States. Each year, more than 50,000 new cases of bladder cancer are diagnosed.

Among American men age 15 to 44, testicular cancer is the most common. Denial and embarrassment contribute to making it one of the least mentioned cancers. The American Cancer Society estimates that about 6,900 cases of testicular cancer are diagnosed each year in the United States and about 300 men die from it annually.

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Our patients have access to some of the country’s leading urologic cancer specialists and a wide range of services including screening exams, transrectal ultrasound, and biopsy, diagnostic imaging, second opinions and treatment from surgery to radiation therapy. Our patients also have access to the latest experimental therapies being tested in clinical trials as well as patient education and other services.

Types of urological cancers include:

Male-specific cancer

  • Prostate cancer is found in the prostate gland, which is a walnut-shaped gland that produces prostate fluid (which is a part of semen). It is one of the most common types of cancer in men, and it is usually quite treatable. There are screenings for prostate cancer, but not all doctors recommend those screenings for all men.
  • Testicular cancer is cancer that develops in one or both testicles. Most often, it is confined to one testicle. This type of cancer is more common in younger men, but it can occur at any age. Testicular cancer is a highly treatable cancer that can usually be cured. Men are encouraged to perform testicular self-exams every month to check for lumps or changes in the testicles.

Cancer that can occur in either gender

  • Bladder cancer is cancer that affects the bladder. It most often occurs in older adults, but anyone can get bladder cancer. The most common place for bladder cancer to develop is in the cells that line the bladder. Fortunately, most bladder cancer is found early because it tends to cause blood in the urine. When it is found early, it is highly treatable.
  • Kidney cancer is cancer of the kidneys. Renal cell carcinoma is the most common type of kidney cancer in adults.
  • Adrenal cancer, also known as adrenal gland cancer, is cancer of the adrenal glands. The adrenal glands rest on top of the kidneys. There is one adrenal gland on each kidney.